Alfonso III "el Magno" Ordoñez Rey de Asturias y Galicia
- Born: 848
- Marriage: Ximena García de Navarra in 869
- Died: 20 Dec 910, Asturias, Iberia at age 62
Noted events in his life were:
• Dates & Events. 165,203,204
He helped the sucessor of Musa II, of the Beni-Kasim, to drive the Emir of Córdoba out of the Beni-Kasim lands in Zaragoza.
He won a contested succession, then moved his captial city from Oviedo to the recently restored Roman city of León after 866. He was king of Asturias and Galicia (now in present day Spain) after 866.
He made the church of St. James at Santiago de Compostela (now in Galicia Spain) the shrine of the Christian Kingdom . People today still make Pilgrimages to this Church.
• Dates & Events. 493
Alfonso de Asturias, son of Ordoño I King of Asturias & his wife Munia. He succeeded his father in 866 as Alfonso III "el Magno" King of Asturias. His succession was challenged by Fruela Vermúdez, conde in Galicia, and King Alfonso was obliged to seek refuge in Castile with conde Rodrigo until the rebel was killed by the king's supporters.
He was also faced with a Basque rebellion in 867. Having pacified internal opposition, he was able to turn his attention to territorial expansion and reconquest from the Moors. He occupied northern Portugal in 868, and resettled the land between the Miño and Duero rivers. By 880, all of Galicia and the northern third of Portugal were under his control. Despite slower progress in Castile and León, King Alfonso was able to force territorial concessions under the peace of 884.
Taking advantage of internal conflicts among the Muslims, he was able to strike deep into the heart of al-Andalus during the expedition of 881. He negotiated an alliance with Pamplona, confirmed by his marriage, and together they fought for control over Rioja. He moved his capital from Oviedo to León, after which the Kingdom was usually known as "Asturias and León".
Conde Witiza rebelled against him but the rebellion was crushed in 895 with the help of conde Hermenegildo Gutiérrez. He revived Visigothic court forms, such as the traditional right of royal consecration. On his death, his territories were divided between his three sons.
He married Jimena de Pamplona, daughter of García I Íñiguez King of Pamplona & his first wife Urraca. She is absent from the list of children of King García I in the Codex de Roda. Daughter of King García I according to Sánchez-Albórnoz. Settipani, while agreeing that Jimena must belong to the royal family of Navarre, highlights difficulties with this theory while recognising that none of the possible alternative origins appears viable.
~Foundations of Midieval Genealogy
Alfonso married Ximena García de Navarra, daughter of García I Íñíguez Rey of Navarre (Pamplona) and Uracca Giménez, in 869. (Ximena García de Navarra was born about 849 in Navarra, Iberia, died before 912 and was buried in Santa María, Oviedo, Asturias, Iberia.)