John "the Surety" de Lacy 7th Earl of Lincoln, Baron of Halton
- Born: 1192, Lincolnshire, England 160
- Marriage: Margaret de Quincy before 21 Jun 1221 in Lincolnshire, England 160
- Died: 22 Jul 1240, Stanlaw, Chester, England at age 48 141,160
- Buried: Cistercian Abbey, Stanlow, Chester, England.
~Weis' Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, 8th Edition, 18A:28, 54:29, Earl of Lincoln 1332, Constable of Cheshire, Magna Charta Surety, 1215, son of Roger de Lacy and Maud de Clare, m. Margaret de Quincy. Father of Maud who married Richard de Clare. 160
Noted events in his life were:
• Dates & Events: A Magna Carta Surity, 1215. 141,160
• Children. 722
John de Lacy first married Alice de l'Aigle with whom he had no children. His second wife was Margaret de Quincy.
His children with his second wife, Margaret de Quincy were:
Edmund de Lacy, b. abt 1230, d. 2 June, bur. Stanlaw; m. Alice de Saluzzo, who died before 12 Jul 1311 and was bur. Black Friars, Pontefact
Maud, Countess of Lincoln, d. before 10 Mar 1288/89; m. Richard de Clare, who d. 15 Jul 1272
~Boyer's Medieval English Ancestors of Certain Americans, p. 121,
• Background Information. 141
John de Lacy was son and heir of Roger de Lacy, by his wife Maud de Clare. He recieved livery of his inheritance in July 1213, when he is described as Constable of Chester. In 1213/14, he was with the King in Poitou, but in 1215, he joined with the Barons against King John. He was one of the 25 Magnates appointed to enforce the observance of the Magna Charta. At the end of the year, he made his peace with King John, but the next summer he was again in rebellion, and John destroyed his castle at Donington. When Henry III came to the throne, he was pardoned, and he was commissioned to conduct the King of the Scots to Henry III. In Nov 1218, he went with the Earl of Chester on a Crusade, and fought at the siege of Damietta, returning too England about Aug 1220.
John de Lacy was a Judge in 1226, and in 1227, he was an Ambassador to Antwerp. On 22 Nov 1232, at the insistance of Hawise de Qyincy, the mother of John's wife Margaret, the King granted John £ 20 a year which Ranulph, late Earl of Chester and Lincoln, had received for the 3rd penny of the county as Earl of Lincoln, to which the Earl had in his lifetime granted to Hawise his sister: to hold in nomine comitis Lincolnie to the said John and his heirs by Margaret his wife, daughter of Hawise. At this time he became the Earl of Lincoln.
John's first wife was Alice, daughter of Gibert de L'Aigle. She died without issue, and was buried at Norton. John's second wife was Margaret, the daughter of Robert de Quincy by Hawise, suo jure Countess of Lincoln. John died after a long ilness on 22 Jul 1240 and he was buried near his father in the monks' choir at Stanlaw, his body being removed later to Whalley.
~Cokayne's Complete Peerage, 2nd Edition, (Lincoln), Vol. VII, pp. 676-680
• Background Information. 907
John de Lacy, 1st Earl of Lincoln of the Lacy family, was son of Roger de Lacy, justiciar, by Maud de Clere. He was probably a minor at the time of his father's death in January 1212, as he did not receive full livery till September 1213, when, although a part of the fine was remitted, his castles of Pontefract and Donington were still retained in the king's hands. Donington was restored in July 1214, Lacy giving hostages for his good conduct [Cal. Rot. Claus. i. 151, 167, 169]. In 1215 he was one of the confederate barons, and was among the twenty-five appointed to see to the observance of the Great Charter. Afterwards he appears for a time to have gone over to the king, for on 1 Jan. 1216 he received the royal pardon, and his lands were restored, and in August he received letters of protection [Hardy, Cal. Rot. Pat. 162, 176, 179, 180].
Nevertheless he had been excommunicated by Innocent III with the other barons, and his fortress of Donington was destroyed by order of the king [Matt. Paris, ii. 639, 643]. In September 1216 his land at Navesby, Nottinghamshire, was entrusted to Ernald de Ambleville, but he was finally pardoned and his lands restored in August 1217 [Cal. Rot. Claus. i. 289, 318, 339]. In 1218 he went on the crusade with Earl Randulf of Chester, [see Blundeville, Randulf de], and was present at the siege of Damietta [Matt. Paris, iii. 41]; he had taken the cross as early as March 1215 [Gervase of Canterbury, ii. 109]. After his return to England, about August 1220, he joined with Earl Randulf in his opposition to the king's government, but submitted at the same time as his leader, and surrendered his castles. In September 1227 was sent on an embassy to Antwerp [Fœdera, i. 187], and on 6 Sept. 1230 was a commissioner to treat for a truce with France.
After the death of Earl Randulf, Lacy was made Earl of Lincoln on 22 Nov. 1232, in right of his wife, Margaret, daughter of Robert de Quincy, and Hawise, countess of Lincoln, a sister of Earl Randulf. In 1283 he at first supported Richard Marshal, earl of Pembroke, in his opposition to Peter des Roches, but was eventually won over by a bribe of a thousand marks from the bishop. His followers in Ireland refused to submit to Gilbert Marshal [Ann. Mon. i. 91]. In 1236 Lacy appears as one of the witnesses to the confirmation of the charters, and at the queen's coronation attended as constable of Chester. On 20 Nov. 1287 he was one of those who were sent by the king to the legateate Otto and the council at St. Paul's to forbid them from taking any action. Lacy had by this time attached himself completely to the court party, and he is mentioned in this year along with Simon de Montfort as one of the king's unpopular counselors [Matt. Paris, iii. 412]. He used his position to secure the marriage of his daughter Maud to Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester, and his influence over the king was so great that Earl Richard of Cornwall made it a subject of reproach against his brother. Lacy, however, made his peace with Earl Richard by means of prayers and presents. He died on 22 July 1240, and was buried at Stanlaw Abbey, Cheshire, of which he, like his father, had been a befactor; Dugdale gives two epitaphs [Mon. Angl. v. 648].
Lacy had acted as a justice itinerant in Lincolnshire and Lancashire in 1226, and in the former county in 1233, and was sheriff of Cheshire in 1237 and 1240. He was twice married: first, to Alice, daughter of Gilbert de l'Aigle; and, secondly, before 21 June l22l, to Margaret de Quincy [Cal. Rot. Claus. i. 462], who after his death married Walter Marshal, earl. of Pembroke, in 1241. By his second wife he left a son Edmund (b. 1227) and two daughters. It is sometimes said that Edmund was never Earl of Lincoln, but, he is so styled on 5 Sept. 1255. Edmund married, in May 1247, Alicia, elder daughter of Manfred III, marquis of Saluzzo, and died on 21 July 1257, leaving an only son Henry, third earl of Lincoln.
[Sources cited by the Author: Matthew Paris; Annales Monastici (both in Rolls Ser.); Monasticon Anglicanum, v. 534, 647--648; Dugdale's Baronage, i. 101-2; Doyle's Official Baronage, ii. 373; Foss's Judges of England, ii. 379-80.]
~ Charles Lethbridge Kingsford, Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. XI, p. 380
John married Margaret de Quincy, daughter of Robert de Quincy and Hawise of Chester, before 21 Jun 1221 in Lincolnshire, England.197 (Margaret de Quincy was born about 1209 and died in 1258 in Hampstead Marshall, Lancashire, England.)