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Swein of Essex
(Abt 1045-After 1086)
Roger le Bigod Earl of East Anglia, "the Sheriff"
(Abt 1060-1107)
Alice de Toeni of Belvoir
(Abt 1068-After 1136)
Robert Fitz Swein of Essex
(-After 1132)
Gunnor le Bigod
(-After 1189)
Henry of Essex Lord of Rayleigh
(Abt 1120-After 1163)


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Henry of Essex Lord of Rayleigh

  • Born: Abt 1120, Rayleigh, Essex, England 1390
  • Marriage: Cicely 141,160,1390
  • Died: After 1163, The cloisters of Reading 1390

bullet  General Notes:

~Weis' Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700, 8th Edition, 246:26, Lord of Rayleigh and Haughley, Henry of Essex, son of Robert Fitz Suein of Essex by Gunnor Bigod, married Cicely and their daughter was Agnes of Essex who maried Aubrey de Vere. 160

bullet  Noted events in his life were:

• Background Information. 141
Aubrey's third wife, whom he married in 1162 or 1163 was Agnes, daughter of Henry de Essex, Lord of Rayleigh and Haughley, by his wife Cicely. This child, who was born in 1151 or 1152, the Earl tried to repudiate within a year. She appealed from the Bishop of London's court to Rome, and in 1171 or 1172 Alexander III directed the Bishop to order him to take his wife back. She was living with him in 1191, and survived her husband. Aubrey died 26 December 1194, and was buried at Colne. Agnes was buried by his side.

~Cokayne's Complete Peerage, 2nd Edition, (Oxford), Vol. X, pp. 199-207

• Background Information. 1390
At Oxford, about Aug. 1141, Henry de Essex, Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Pembroke, Hugh Bigod, Earl of Norfolk and Earl Alberic of Oxford were present for the Empresse's second Charter to Geoffrey, Earl of Essex. [Dugdale's Baronage I. 201] By about December of that year, Stephen was buying the support of Geoffrey de Mandeville by a Counter-Patent of Earldon, the deed being attested by Henry de Essex. [Rymer's Fćdera I 18, I]

The Treaty of Westminster, settling the question of succession, includes the signature of Henry de Essex. King Stephen died 19 Dec 1154, and Herny, son of the Empress Maud became King of England. Two Charters of King Henry II, passed at Westminster were attested by "Henry de Essex, Constable" (of England) and by "Richard de Humez, Constable" (of Normandy).

On 31 Mar 1163, Henry de Essex was accused by Robert de Montfort of cowardice and treason. The trial at Windsor was in the form of "Wager of Battle," with accuser and accused confronted in arms. Henry de Essex, likey much older than Montfort, was defeated, he was outlawed and his estaes confiscated. His life was spared, and he became a monk. He died in the cloisters of Reading.

Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History
, Volume II, pp. 19-27

Henry married Cicely 141,160.,1390 (Cicely died after 1104 and was buried in Colne Engaine, Essex, England.)

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