Bernardina de Salas y Trujillo
- Born: Abt 1635, Santa Fé, Santa Fé, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España
- Marriage: Andrés Hurtado Captain By 1652 in Bernalillo, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España 250
- Died: 2 Feb 1729, Santa Fé, Santa Fé, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España about age 94 311
Another name for Bernardina was Bernardina de Salas y Orozco.
It is no wonder that Bernardina de Salas Orozco y Trujillo and her family are listed as the first family of Alburquerque in New Mexico Genealogical Society's monumental book, Aqui Se Comienz. As I journey through this book, time and time again, I find myself coming back to Bernadina. She should really be called the "Founding Woman of Alburquerque," since she raised or is related to many of the people that are contained within the book. 509
Noted events in her life were:
• Family Background Information. 250
Information from Hurtado's declaration to governor, dated October 17, 1661, Santa Fé, indicates that he was married by 1652. His wife has been identified by Fray Angélico Chávez as Bernardina de Salas y Trujillo (sometimes called Bernardina de Salas y Orozco). Chávez indicated that Andrés Hurtado was referred to as a son-in-law of Diego Trujillo (see ONMF, pg. 10). The original source (AGN Tierras, t. 3268, f. 94) refers to Captain Diego de Trujillo as an encomendero and then mentions "su hijo Capn Franco de Trujo y sus yernos Capn Xptoval Vaca y Capn Andres Hurtado." This record clearly indicates that the wives of of Cristóbal Baca and Andrés Hurtado (Ana Moreno de Lara and Bernardina de Sala y Trujillo, respectively) were daughters of Captain Diego de Trujillo, and thus they were sisters of Francisco de Trujillo.
Fray Angélico Chávez refered to Bernardina de Salas y Trujillo as a daughter of Francisco de Trujillo, but did not provide a specific source citation for this statement. It appears that there may have been some confusion that resulted in the inconsistency with his previous statement about Andrés Hurtado being his son-in-law. Chávez also mentioned that Bernardina de Salas was a "grand-daughter of María de Vera," but once again did not give a specific source citation for the statement.
Based on the declaration of Andrés Hurtado that he arrived in New México in 1649 and was married and had a family of five children in 1661, the eldest of which was nine years of age (b. abt. 1652), we can estimate the year of marriage with Bernardina de Sala y Trujillo as circa 1649-1651. As such Bernardina de Salas y Trujillo was a contemporary of Francisco de Trujillo, rather than his daughter. This further supports the statement that Andrés Hurtado was a son-in-law of Diego de Trujillo.
From Beyond Origins Vol, 9
Researcher: The Honorable DonJosé Antonio Esquibel
Source: AGN, Tierras, t. 3268, f. 60vff.
• Census, 11 Sep 1684, El Paso, The Pueblo de Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe del Paso, Nuevo Méijico, Nueva España. 287,315
The family of dona Bernardina Trujillo, widow, consists of 9 persons. She has 4 fanegas of corn that she finished harvesting. Clothing, very indecent.
Fortieth household, one daughter, one stepdaughter and two other children
Doña Bernardina Truillo, widow of Captain Andrés Hurtado, with one daughter named doña Mariana Salas Orozco, eighteen; and one one stepdaughter named Juana, with two daughters and one some, named María, fourteen; Bernardina, eight; and José, four.
Royal Crown Restored, pg. 47
• Census: Don Diego de Vargas, 22 Dec 1692 to 2 Jan 1693, El Paso del Norte, Nuevo Méjico. Nueva España. 287
Thirty-ninth household, one daughter, one stepdaughter, and two of her children
Doña Bernardina Trijillo, widow of Captain Andrés Hurtado, with one daughter named doña Mariana Salas Orozco, eighteen; and one stepdaughter named Juana, with two daughters and one son, named Maria, fourteen: Bernardina, eight; and José, four.
Royal Crown Restored, pg. 47
• Dates & Events. 252
Bernardina was a member of the Diego de Vargas party that returned to New Mexico in 1693, after the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 drove the Spanish New Mexican settlers out of New Mexico.
The Hurtado children were numerous. Lucía de Salazar (Salas or Hurtado), was the wife of Captain Don Fernando Durán y Cháves. Isabel de Salazar was the third wife of Juan Lucero de Godoy. María de Salazar was married to Manuel Baca. Mariana married Manuel Vallejo and her sister Catalina was the wife of José Gallegos. Daughter, Juana, was captured by the Pueblo people during the revolt, was later rescued by her brother Martín in 1692. There were at least four brothers, Andrés, Diego, Francisco and Martín.
~The Origins of New México Families, pg. 49
• Livestock Distribution, 1697, Santa Fé, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España. 510
doña Bernardina de Salas, widow with dependents, Bernarda and Berardina, 4.5 varas of wool, 3.75 of baize and 9 mantas
~Blood on the Boulders II, pg. 1151
• Dates & Events, 1706.
Bernardina de Salas y Trujillo was among the founding mothers of Alburquerque in 1706.
Bernardina married Andrés Hurtado Captain, son of Pedro Hurtado and Catalina de Salazar, By 1652 in Bernalillo, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España.252 (Andrés Hurtado Captain was born in 1628 in Zacatecas, Nueva Galicia, Nueva España 252 and died in 1679 in Santa Fé, Santa Fé, Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España.)