Hernán (el mozo) Martín Serrano
- Born: Between 1601 and 1607, San Gabriel del Yungue, Nuevo Méjico, Nuevo España
- Marriage: Josefa de la Asencion Gonzáles
- Died: After 1683
HERENCIA--Quarterly Journal of HGRC-NM, April 1995
Noted events in his life were:
• Dates & Events. 252
Hernán Martín Serrano, the son of the Hernán Martín Serrano who was among the first Spanish settlers of New México, was known as "el Mozo." In 1635, he gave his age as twenty-seven. In 1664, he declared himself to be an encomendero, a captain and a widower. He lived in Santa Cruz de la Cañada in 1635, but by 1660 he was living in Santa Fé. Later, 1667-1669, he was living in the Salinas district along with three of his children, José, Juan and María. Juan died before the Revolt of 1680 since his widow was living with her in-laws at Corpus Christi de Ysleta in 1684. José is also not mentioned again, and died before the revolt.
Hernán's activities at the time of the Pueblo Revolt of 1689 testify to his vigor. He passed muster in 1680 in the company of the Salinas-Socorro area, as a captain of more than eighty years old. The next year he said he was seventy-six or seventy-seven, and was ready to serve as a soldier. He was described as a native of New México, married, of good stature, robust, with gray beard and partly gray hair, and a film on his left eye. He had become proficient in the languages of the Native Americans, so he served as an officer and interpreter of the Jumana language during the Domínguez Expedition into Texas in 1683-1684.
~The Origins of New México Families, pg. 72.
Hernán Martín Serrano, who survived his brother Luis, and was so healthy and active when "more than eighty" during and after the Pueblo Revolt, appears to have had three wives wives, at the least: María Montaño, Catalina Griego, and Josefa de la Asención Gonzáles.
Having been born at San Gabriel del Yunque around the year 1606, he actually was about seventy-four in 1680; and if he did come back to New Mexico in 1693; he was then about eighty-seven years old. He may not have returned, but his many children did return to New México with Diego de Vargas.
His children by the first wife appear to have beeen: Juan, husband of Ana López de García; José; María, wife of Bartolomé de Ledesma (all dead before 1680); Cristóbal, certainly known to be María Montaño's son, who married Antonia Moraga; and Pascuala, daughter of Hernando Martín and María Montaño, who married Diego Durán in Santa Fé in 1694.
Cristóbal Martín II, twenty, son of Hernando Martín and Catalina Griego, married a Juana de la Cruz at Guadalupe del Paso in 1697. Evidentally he had remained there with some of his mother's people being witness.
Children by Josefa de la Asención González were: Mateo, who married Antonia Maese; Andrés, husband of Lucía de Torres; Tomasa, first wife of Bernardino de Sena; and María, married to Bernardo (or Bernadino) Fernández. Their mother, Josefa de la Asención, survived her aged husband for many years, ending her days in the house of Vicar, Don Santiago roybal. The Vicar's sister, Manuela Roybal, had married Bernardino de Sena after Tomasa Martín's death.
~The Origins of New México Families, pg. 224
• Dates & Events. 250
Hernán Martín Serrano declared he was a mestizo, a soldier, lived in the vicinity of Santa Fe and was twenty-five years old on 25 Sep 1632. In another record, he gave his birthplace as El Yunque, which likely meant San Gabriel del Yunque. During the 1660s he owned and operated an "obraje," or textile manufacturing shop that used Native laborers.
On 7 Mar 1662, he declared he was fifty-six years of age and a "vecino y natural," meaning citizen and native of Santa Fé. He named his wife to be Isabel de Monuera who probably died in the years prior to his marriage to María de Madrid which took place sometime between 1664-1675.
Later, on 1 Jun 1675, in Galisteo, Hernán Martín gave testimony before Inquisition officials. He then declared that he was sixty-eight years old, and was a citizen living in Santa Fe. He also gave his wife's name to be María Madrid.
~Beyond Origins, Vol. 8
Researcher: The Honorable Don José Antonio Esquibel
Sources: AGN, Inquisition (Inq.), t. 593, f. 288; AGN, Inq., t. 304, f. 184; AGN, Galería Concurso de Peñalosa, vol. 3, exp. 455, leg. 1, no. 1, f. 74.
Hernán married Josefa de la Asencion Gonzáles, daughter of Unknown and Sebastiana Sánchez de Mondragón. (Josefa de la Asencion Gonzáles was born about 1655.)